Formaldehyde is a chemical compound used in adhesives during the production of composite wood products like hardwood plywood, particleboard, and medium density fiberboard. It can also be found in building materials and everyday household products like glues, fabrics, and paints.
While low levels of formaldehyde are harmless, high levels may cause serious health issues. A colorless gas that produces a strong pickle-like smell when high levels are present, formaldehyde can cause a number of symptoms. High-level exposure can cause itchy eyes, bloody nose, sore throat, and a persistent cough. If exposure is long-term, formaldehyde may also increase a person’s risk of developing cancer.
In 2010, the Formaldehyde Standards for Composite Wood Products Act was signed into law by President Obama. This law established emission standards for formaldehyde from composite wood products and directed the EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) to finalize a rule on how it would be implemented and enforced. (“Formaldehyde Emission Standards,” 2017)
In December of 2016, EPA finalized a national rule requiring all composite wood products “sold, supplied, offered for sale, manufactured, or imported in the United States to be labeled as TSCA Title VI compliant”. The rule also established a “third-party certification program for laboratory testing and oversight of formaldehyde emissions from manufactured and/or imported composite wood products.” (“Formaldehyde Emission Standards,” 2017)
On May 22, 2017, EPA's regulations requiring TSCA Title VI compliance went into effect. The final EPA rule ensures that composite wood products like hardwood plywood are in full compliance with the emission standards found in the Formaldehyde Standards for Composite Wood Products Act.
On July 7, 2021, the Canadian Government published its Formaldehyde Emissions from Composite Wood Products Regulations in the Canada Gazette, Part II. These Regulations take effect on January 7, 2023, and are very similar to U.S. EPA TSCA Title VI. Learn more about these new Regulations and how they compare to TSCA Title VI here.
Capital Testing and Certification (formerly HPVA Labs) is the first third-party certifier to be recognized by EPA to certify to the EPA TSCA Title VI formaldehyde emissions regulation.
Capital Testing can answer any questions you have about TSCA Title VI certification requirements (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Capital Testing is the testing and certification arm of the Decorative Hardwoods Association.
Key TSCA Title VI compliance dates:
June 1, 2018: All composite wood products must be TSCA Title VI compliant and meet all of the regulation's requirements.
- Producers may still manufacture and sell products certified to CARB ATCM Phase II emission standards and label as TSCA Title VI compliant, as long as panels are certified by a CARB-approved TPC and are recognized by EPA. Manufacturers must comply with emissions, testing, certification, labeling, and recordkeeping requirements.
- Fabricators may still source panels compliant with CARB ATCM Phase II, as long as panels are certified by a CARB-approved TPC and are recognized by EPA. Fabricators must comply with labeling and recordkeeping requirements.
- Importers may still import panels compliant with CARB ATCM Phase II, as long as panels are certified by a CARB-approved TPC and are recognized by EPA. Importers must comply with certification, labeling, and recordkeeping requirements.
- Manufacturers of laminated products may still source panels compliant with CARB ATCM Phase II, as long as panels are certified by a CARB-approved TPC and are recognized by EPA. Manufacturers of laminated products must comply with recordkeeping requirements.
- Distributors and retailers must comply with record-keeping and label retention requirements.
March 22, 2019: Composite wood products must be certified and labeled as TSCA Title VI compliant by a TPC (third-party-certifier) approved by EPA and can no longer use CARB-approved TPCs or products certified to CARB ATCM Phase II emissions standards. Only TSCA Title VI compliant panels and finished goods may be sourced.
Formaldehyde Emission Standards for Composite Wood Products. (2017, December 8). Retrieved from https://www.epa.gov/formaldehyde/formaldehyde-emission-standards-composite-wood-products